Colorado Mountain Ranges

Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 3,000′ (1,000 meters) in elevation and has approximately 550 mountain peaks that exceed 13,000′ (4,000 meters) in elevation.

Highest PointMt. Elbert at 14,440′ (4,401 m) elevation in Lake County. Mt Elbert is also the highest point in the Rocky Mountains of North America.

Lowest Point – 3,317′ (1,011 m) on the eastern boundary of Yuma County, where the Arikaree River flows into the state of Kansas on the eastern plains


Front Range Mountains                                          

The Front Range is the longest mountain range in Colorado, stretching approximately 180 miles north-south between Cheyenne, Wyoming and Pueblo, Colorado. From east to west, the Front Range is roughly 97 miles across. When traveling west across the Great Plains, the Front Range will be the first mountain range you encounter.

Highest Point: Grays Peak (14,278′), also the highest peak on the Continental Divide

Composition: Gneiss, Schist, and Granite

Hikes in the Front Range

 

Beautiful Lone Eagle Peak (11,920') in the distance

Mirror (10,325′) and Crater (10,400′) Lake, Front Range

Mirror and Crater lakes are found deep in the heart of the Indian Peaks Wilderness. Cascade Falls, found along the ...
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Almagre Mountain (12,360′), Front Range

Almagre Mountain is the second highest peak, after Pikes Peak, when viewed from Colorado Springs. Located in the Pike National ...
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Mt Rosa (11,500′), Front Range

Mt Rosa is located in the Pike National Forest just south of Pikes Peak and is the only cone shaped ...
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Blue Lake (11,360′), Front Range

Blue Lake is accessed from the Mitchell Lake trailhead in the Brainard Lake Recreation Area. Brainard Lake itself is a ...
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Cheyenne Mountain (9,565′), Front Range

Cheyenne Mountain's geological summit lies on the southwestern portion of the mountain. The mountain always intrigued me because the front ...
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Lake Haiyaha (10,244′), Front Range

Located in lower Chaos Canyon, Lake Haiyaha is unlike other lakes in Rocky Mountain National Park because it is surrounded ...
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Mt Herman (9,104′), Front Range

Mt Herman is the highest point on the Palmer Divide, west of Monument, Colorado. It lies along the Rampart Range of ...
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Longs Peak (14,255′), Front Range

Iconic Longs Peak (14,259') is the highest mountain in Rocky Mountain National Park, and the northern most 14,000' peak in ...
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Mt Evans (14,264′), Front Range

Mt Evans can be accessed via the highest paved road in North America, reaching an elevation of 14,130'. The Mount ...
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St Vrain Mountain Trail (12,162′), Front Range

The St Vrain Mountain trail straddles the border between the Indian Peaks Wilderness Area (south) and Rocky Mountain National Park ...
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Flattop Mountain (12,332′), Front Range

Flattop Mountain is accessed from Bear Lake Trailhead in Rocky Mountain National Park. Built in 1925, and rehabilitated in 1940 ...
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Nymph (9,705′), Dream (9,905′), and Emerald(10,110′) Lake, Front Range

Starting at the Bear Lake Trailhead in Rocky Mountain National Park, the trail passes Nymph and Dream Lakes on the way ...
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Carpenter Peak (7,166′), Front Range

Carpenter Peak is located in Ro​xborough State Park,​ which is a Colorado Natural Area and a National Natural Landmark. The ...
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Estes Cone (11,007′), Front Range

Estes Cone is located about 3 miles from the Longs Peak trail-head on the east side of Rocky Mountain National ...
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Devils Head Fire Lookout (9,748′), Front Range

Devils Head Lookout, the last of the seven original Front Range Lookout towers still in continuous use, is over 100 ...
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Paint Mines Park (6,791′), Front Range

Paint Mines Park is located in the high plains near Calhan, Colorado. The 750 acre park features geological formations including ...
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Spruce Mountain (7,635′), Front Range

Spruce Mountain is located on the Palmer Divide near Palmer Lake, Colorado. It offers great views of the Palmer Divide ...
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Sky Pond (10,900′), Front Range

Begin at the Glacier Gorge trailhead in Rocky Mountain National Park and follow a well maintained trail to Timberline Falls ...
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Twin Sisters (11,428′), Front Range

The Twin Sisters ridge runs nearly two miles along the east central boundary of Rocky Mountain National Park. From the summit ...
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Alberta Falls (9,400′), Front Range

Alberta Falls, located in Glacier Gorge, is one of the more popular hiking destinations in Rocky Mountain National Park. The ...
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Mt Morrison (7,881′), Front Range

Mt Morrison stands above Red Rocks park, home of the famous Red Rocks amphitheater. The mountain can easily be identified ...
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Grays(14,270) and Torreys(14,267) Peaks, Front Range

Grays and Torreys are the only two 14er's situated on the Continental Divide and provide great views of the area ...
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Mt Bierstadt (14,160′), Front Range

Mt Bierstadt is a few miles east of Guanella Pass, in the northernmost part of the Pike National Forest. This ...
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Sawatch Mountain Range

Extending southeastward for 100 miles (160 km) from the Eagle River to the city of Saguache, the Sawatch Range contains 15 peaks topping 14,000 feet (4,267 m), also known as 14er’s. The range forms a portion of the Continental Divide, and it’s mountains are high, massive, and relatively gentle in contour.

Highest Point: Mt Elbert (14,433′), the highest peak in the Rocky Mountains find’s it’s home here

Composition: Granite, sandstone, quartzite, shale, gneiss, gabbro

Hikes in the Sawatch Range

 

La Plata Peak southwest ridge with abandoned mining track. View of Huron Peak and the Three Apostles in the background.

La Plata Peak (14,336′), Sawatch Range

La Plata Peak is the 5th highest summit in the Rocky Mountains and is known for it's distinctive Ellingwood Ridge ...
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Huron Peak (14,003′), Sawatch Range

Huron Peak is known as one of the most beautiful hikes in the Sawatch Mountain Range of Colorado. It is ...
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La Plata Peak (14,336′), Sawatch Range

La Plata is located in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains. It is considered one of the more challenging ...
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Missouri Mountain (14,067′), Sawatch Range

The 14,074-foot (4,290 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest. Missouri Mountain is ...
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Twin Lakes with Mt Elbert on the far right

Mt Elbert (14,433′), Sawatch Range

Mt Elbert is the highest peak in the 3,000 mile long Rocky Mountains, a mountain chain which stretches from Canada ...
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Mosquito/Ten Mile Mountain Range

The Mosquito/Ten Mile range is a single range, but the part of it south of the Continental Divide is called the Mosquito Range, and the part north of the Divide is called the Ten Mile Range.  The range consists of faulted anticlines formed as part of the Sawatch Uplift during the Laramide orogeny approximately 65 million years ago. The mountains were originally contiguous with the higher Sawatch Range to the west but were separated during the formation of the rift valley at the headwaters of the Arkansas River approximately 35 million years ago.

Highest Point: Mt. Lincoln (14,286 ft)

Composition: granite, schist, quartzite

Hikes in the Mosquito Range

 

Mt Sherman (14,036′), Mosquito Range

Mount Sherman, Colorado's 46th highest peak, is a great first 14er. It is possible to park as high as 12,000 ...
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Mt Democrat (14,148′) , Mt Cameron (14,238′), Mt Lincoln (14,148′), and Mt Bross (14,172), Mosquito Range

DeCaliBron" (Mt Democrat, Mt Cameron, Mt Lincoln, Mt Bross) provides an opportunity to do four Fourteeners in one day. The ...
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Hikes in the Ten Mile Range

 

Quandary Peak (14,265′), Ten Mile Range

Quandary Peak is the highest peak in the Ten Mile Range. It is a popular destination, just 8 miles outside ...
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San Juan Mountain Range

The San Juan Mountains in the southern Rockies extends southeastward for 150 mi (240 km) from Ouray in southwestern Colorado, along the course of the Rio Grande to the Chama River in northern New Mexico, making it the largest mountain range by area in Colorado. Volcanic rocks in the San Juan Mountains constitute the largest erosional remnant of a once nearly continuous volcanic field that extended over much of the southern Rocky Mountains and adjacent areas in Oligocene and later time.

Highest Point: Uncompahgre Peak (14,309′)

Composition: Sandstone, shale, limestone, ash-flow tuff, quartz latitic lava, andesitic lava

Hikes in the San Juan Range

 

Mt Sneffels (14,150′), San Juan Range

Mt Sneffels is located in the Mount Sneffels Wilderness of Uncompahgre National Forest in the San Juan mountains. Views from ...
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American Basin to Sloan Lake (12,920′), San Juan Range

The Handies Peak trail to Sloan Lake offers views of American Basin, one of the most scenic basins in the ...
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Sangre de Cristo Mountain Range

The Sangre de Cristo Mountains are fault-block mountains similar to the Teton Range in Wyoming and the Wasatch Range in Utah. There are major fault lines running along both the east and west sides of the range and, in places, cutting through the range. Like all fault block mountain ranges the Sangre de Cristo’s lack foothills which means the highest peaks rise abruptly from the valleys to the east and west, rising 7,000 feet in only a few miles in some places. The mountains were pushed up around 5 million years ago, basically as one large mass of rock. The Sangre de Cristo range is still being uplifted today as faults in the area remain active.

Highest Point: Blanca Peak (14,351′)

Composition: gneiss, sandstone, limestone, dolomite

 

Hikes in the Sange de Cristo Range

 

West Spanish Peak (13,625′), Sangre de Cristo Range

West Spanish Peak (13,625') and East Spanish Peak (12,684') have world class geological features that made the two peaks a ...
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South Colony Lakes (12,000′), Sangre de Cristo Range

South Colony Lakes Basin lies in the heart of southern Colorado's Sangre de Cristo Range. Surrounded by Crestone Needle (14,197'), ...
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Great Sand Dunes National Park (8,700′), Sangre de Cristo Range

The Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve contains the tallest sand dunes in North America, rising about 750 feet ...
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Zapata Falls (9,250′), Sangre de Cristo Range

The Zapata Falls Recreational Area is approximately three miles south of the Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve entrance ...
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The Elk Range is missing, but I hope to visit soon.